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Warum trägt eine Avocado-Sorte den Namen „Hass“?Es gibt hunderte Sorten von Avocados – in Deutschland ist besonders die Hass-Avocado bekannt. Informieren Sie sich hier über die Sorten. Die Hass-Avocado ist eine Avocado-Sorte mit dunkelgrüner, holpriger Haut. Es wurde zuerst von dem südkalifornischen Postboten und Hobbygärtner Rudolph Hass angebaut und verkauft, der ihm auch seinen Namen gab. Die Hass-Avocado ist eine. Die Avocado (Persea americana Mill., auch Persea gratissima tandtfishingcharters.com) ist eine Pflanzenart Von diesem einen Baum stammen alle heutigen Hass-Avocado-Bäume ab, die in Israel, Kalifornien, Mexiko, Chile, Spanien, Australien und.
Avocado Hass related stories VideoFlorida Avocado vs Hass Avocado
Betrag, dass Dein Anliegen nicht Avocado Hass entsprechender, app. - NavigationsmenüIn Deutschland werden die kleinen Avocados aber eher selten angeboten. The Hass avocado is named for Rudolph Hass, who planted the first one in his orchard in the s, and is famous all over the world. Every Hass avocado tree is descended from one tree, which died in from root fungus. According to the California Avocado Commission, ". 6/29/ · The most popular variety is the Hass avocado. It’s often called alligator pear, which is very descriptive, as it tends to be pear-shaped and has green, bumpy skin like an alligator. Hass avocado Nutritional Research [edit | edit source] Though the Hass avocado has been around for several years, research now reveals that it is a valuable fruit as far as its nutritional provisions. Research conducted in the area of benefits of Hass avocado consumption has revealed positive results.
Drainage is critical, as the feeder roots are close to the surface and sensitive. If there is excess moisture, your Hass avocado tree might suffer from root rot.
Heavy clay is the worst for Hass avocado trees, but if you have no other choice, create a raised bed or a mound with a foot diameter to plant the tree on.
When your Hass avocado tree is newly planted, it will need to be watered every two to three days. As the tree gets older, you can reduce watering to once a week.
Traditional fertilizers are designed around nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. But in order to thrive, Hass avocado trees also need zinc and boron.
You can tell if your Hass avocado tree has a zinc deficiency because it will have yellow patches on its leaves, and nitrogen deficiencies are signaled by pale or yellow-veined leaves.
The small doses are easier for the shallow roots to absorb. Hass avocado trees are self-pollinating, but if you want a more plentiful harvest, consider planting another type of avocado tree.
Avocado trees fall into two categories of flower types, A and B, which dictate how they pollinate. Each avocado tree has the parts for both male and female genders, but they are active at opposite times of day.
Hass avocado trees are type A, meaning that they flower from February through May. When the flowers first open in the morning, they are female until they close in the afternoon.
The following afternoon, they reopen as pollen-producing male flowers. So, Hass avocado trees can be categorized as somewhat self-pollinating. Introducing a B-type avocado tree, like Zutano, can boost the amount of pollen, ultimately yielding a bigger harvest.
Hass avocado trees will start producing fruit in roughly five years. The avocados will not begin to ripen until you pluck them from the tree, so leave them hanging until you need them.
Once you pick them, leave them out at room temperature. It is the main ingredient in guacamole. These days, the avocado has become an incredibly popular food among health-conscious individuals.
There are many types of avocado that vary in shape and color — from pear-shaped to round and green to black. They can also weigh anywhere from 8 ounces grams to 3 pounds 1.
The yellow-green flesh inside the fruit is eaten, but the skin and seed are discarded. Avocados are very nutritious and contain a wide variety of nutrients, including 20 different vitamins and minerals.
Here are some of the most abundant nutrients, in a single 3. This is coming with calories , 2 grams of protein and 15 grams of healthy fats.
Although it contains 9 grams of carbs, 7 of those are fiber, so there are only 2 net carbs, making this a low-carb friendly plant food.
Avocados do not contain any cholesterol or sodium and are low in saturated fat. This is why they are favored by some experts who believe these substances are harmful, which is a debated topic, however.
Avocados are very high in potassium. Several studies show that having a high potassium intake is linked to reduced blood pressure, which is a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes and kidney failure 6.
Avocados are very high in potassium, which should support healthy blood pressure levels. The majority of the fat in avocado is oleic acid — a monounsaturated fatty acid that is also the major component of olive oil and believed to be responsible for some of its health benefits.
Oleic acid has been associated with reduced inflammation and shown to have beneficial effects on genes linked to cancer 7 , 8 , 9 , The fats in avocado are also rather resistant to heat-induced oxidation, making avocado oil a healthy and safe choice for cooking.
Avocados and avocado oil are high in monounsaturated oleic acid, a heart-healthy fatty acid that is believed to be one of the main reasons for the health benefits of olive oil.
Fiber is another nutrient that avocados are relatively rich in. A distinction is often made between soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber is known for feeding the friendly gut bacteria in your intestine, which are very important for optimal body function Fiber may have important benefits for weight loss and metabolic health.
Heart disease is the most common cause of death in the world This includes cholesterol, triglycerides, inflammatory markers, blood pressure and various others.
Eight controlled studies in people have examined the effects of avocado on some of these risk factors. These studies showed that avocados can 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 :.
One of the studies found that including avocado in a low-fat, vegetarian diet significantly improved the cholesterol profile They had a much higher nutrient intake and were half as likely to have metabolic syndrome, a cluster of symptoms that are a major risk factor for heart disease and diabetes Retrieved 23 April Categories : Avocado cultivars.
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Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Persea americana. Rudolph Hass. Avocado trees are vulnerable to bacterial , viral , fungal , and nutritional diseases excesses and deficiencies of key minerals.
Disease can affect all parts of the plant, causing spotting, rotting, cankers, pitting, and discoloration. It is normally found on avocado, and in Peru it is said to be the worst insect pest of the fruit.
Certain cultivars of avocado seem more susceptible to attack by the scale than others. Mexico is by far the world's largest avocado growing country, producing several times more than the second largest producer.
The avocado was introduced from Mexico to California in the 19th century, and has become a successful cash crop. Avocado is the official fruit of the state of California.
Other avocado cultivars include 'Spinks'. Historically attested varieties which may or may not survive among horticulturists include the 'Challenge', 'Dickinson', 'Kist', 'Queen', 'Rey', 'Royal', 'Sharpless', and 'Taft'.
A stoneless avocado, marketed as a "cocktail avocado," which does not contain a pit, is available on a limited basis.
They are five to eight centimetres long; the whole fruit may be eaten, including the skin. It is produced from an unpollinated blossom in which the seed does not develop.
In , world production of avocados was 5. The US government resisted, claiming the trade would introduce Tephritidae fruit flies that would destroy California's crops.
The Mexican government responded by inviting USDA inspectors to Mexico, but the US government declined, claiming fruit fly inspection was not feasible.
The Mexican government then proposed to sell avocados only to the northeastern US in the winter fruit flies cannot withstand extreme cold.
The US government continued to resist, but agreed after the Mexican government started erecting barriers to US corn. Imports from Mexico in the — season exceeded , metric tons , short tons; , long tons.
In the US, avocados are grown in California and Florida, where land, labor, and water are expensive. Avocado trees require frequent, deep watering to bear optimally, particularly in spring, summer, and fall.
Due to increased Southern California water costs, they are now costly to grow. During the coronavirus pandemic, Mexican avocado farmers slowed harvesting thinking that consumption would drop.
In fact, there was a surge in demand causing prices to rise as well. The fruit of horticultural cultivars has a markedly higher fat content than most other fruit, mostly monounsaturated fat , and as such serves as an important staple in the diet of consumers who have limited access to other fatty foods high-fat meats and fish, dairy products.
Having a high smoke point , avocado oil is expensive compared to common salad and cooking oils , and is mostly used for salads or dips. A ripe avocado yields to gentle pressure when held in the palm of the hand and squeezed.
The flesh is prone to enzymatic browning , quickly turning brown after exposure to air. The fruit is not sweet, but distinctly and subtly flavored, with smooth texture.
The avocado is common in vegetarian cuisine as a substitute for meats in sandwiches and salads because of its high fat content.
Generally, avocado is served raw, though some cultivars, including the common 'Hass', can be cooked for a short time without becoming bitter.
The flesh of some avocados may be rendered inedible by heat. Prolonged cooking induces this chemical reaction in all cultivars. It is used as the base for the Mexican dip known as guacamole ,  as well as a spread on corn tortillas or toast, served with spices.
In the Philippines , Brazil, Indonesia , Vietnam , and southern India especially the coastal Kerala , Tamil Nadu and Karnataka region , avocados are frequently used for milkshakes and occasionally added to ice cream and other desserts.
Chocolate syrup is sometimes added. In Morocco , a similar chilled avocado and milk drink is sweetened with confectioner's sugar and flavored with a touch of orange flower water.
In Ethiopia , avocados are made into juice by mixing them with sugar and milk or water, usually served with Vimto and a slice of lemon.
It is also common to serve layered multiple fruit juices in a glass locally called Spris made of avocados, mangoes, bananas, guavas, and papayas.
Avocados are also used to make salads. Avocados in savory dishes, often seen as exotic, are a relative novelty in Portuguese-speaking countries, such as Brazil, where the traditional preparation is mashed with sugar and lime, and eaten as a dessert or snack.
This contrasts with Spanish-speaking countries such as Chile, Mexico, or Argentina , where the opposite is true and sweet preparations are rare.
In Australia and New Zealand, avocados are commonly served on sandwiches, sushi, toast, or with chicken. In Ghana , they are often eaten alone on sliced bread as a sandwich.
In Sri Lanka , their well-ripened flesh, thoroughly mashed or pureed with milk and kitul treacle a liquid jaggery made from the sap of the inflorescence of jaggery palms , is a common dessert.
In Mexico and Central America, avocados are served mixed with white rice, in soups, salads, or on the side of chicken and meat. They are also commonly added to pozole.
In Chile , it is used as a puree-like sauce with chicken, hamburgers , and hot dogs ; and in slices for celery or lettuce salads.
The Chilean version of Caesar salad contains large slices of mature avocado. In Kenya and Nigeria, the avocado is often eaten as a fruit alone or mixed with other fruits in a fruit salad, or as part of a vegetable salad.
Avocado is a primary ingredient in avocado soup. Avocado slices are frequently added to hamburgers, tortas , hot dogs , and carne asada.
Avocado can be combined with eggs in scrambled eggs, tortillas, or omelettes , and is a key ingredient in California rolls and other makizushi "maki", or rolled sushi.
In the United Kingdom, the avocado became available during the s when introduced by Sainsbury's under the name 'avocado pear'.
In addition to the fruit, the leaves of Mexican avocados Persea americana var. A typical serving of avocado g is moderate to rich in several B vitamins and vitamin K , with good content of vitamin C , vitamin E and potassium right table, USDA nutrient data.
Avocados also contain phytosterols and carotenoids , such as lutein and zeaxanthin. Avocados have diverse fats. Although costly to produce, nutrient-rich avocado oil has diverse uses for salads or cooking and in cosmetics and soap products.
The avocado tree can be grown domestically and used as a decorative houseplant. The pit germinates in normal soil conditions or partially submerged in a small glass or container of water.
In the latter method, the pit sprouts in four to six weeks, at which time it is planted in standard houseplant potting soil.
The plant normally grows large enough to be prunable; it does not bear fruit unless it has ample sunlight. Home gardeners can graft a branch from a fruit-bearing plant to speed maturity, which typically takes four to six years to bear fruit.
Some people have allergic reactions to avocado. There are two main forms of allergy: those with a tree-pollen allergy develop local symptoms in the mouth and throat shortly after eating avocado; the second, known as latex-fruit syndrome,  is related to latex allergy  and symptoms include generalised urticaria , abdominal pain, and vomiting and can sometimes be life-threatening.
Avocado leaves, bark , skin, or pit are documented to be harmful to animals; cats, dogs, cattle, goats, rabbits,  rats, guinea pigs, birds, fish, and horses   can be severely harmed or even killed when they consume them.
Avocado leaves contain a toxic fatty acid derivative, persin , which in sufficient quantity can cause colic in horses and without veterinary treatment, death.
Birds also seem to be particularly sensitive to this toxic compound. A line of premium dog and cat food, AvoDerm , uses oils and meal made from avocado meat as main ingredients.
In , evolutionary biologist Daniel H.