Austrian Navy

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Austrian Navy

Der Austrian Empire Navy Rum 18 Jahre wird aus gereiftem Rum aus verschiedenen handverlesenen Fässern, die ehemals Bourbon, Sherry, Portwein und. Albert Michler Austrian Empire Navy Rum Reserve lagert in amerikanischen und französischen Eichenfässern. Ein moderner, eleganter Barbados Rum mit. Die Blends dieses Kleinods aus Barbados erlangen ihre Reife in Fässern aus amerikanischer und französischer Eiche. Ein kostbarer Tropfen der.

Austrian Empire Navy Rum

Die Geschichte von Austrian Empire Navy reicht bis ins Jahrhundert zurück, als die Albert Michler Distillery gegründet wurde. Das. Beschreibung: Albert Michler Distillery Int. Ltd., 44 Upper Belgrave Road, Bristol, UK, ist zumindest eine ungewöhnliche Adresse für einen Austrian Navy Rum. Lust auf Monarchie, Nostalgie & unvergleichlichen Genuss? Dann hol' Dir den edlen, karibischen Austrian Empire Navy Reserve ! Bei Rum & Co güntig.

Austrian Navy Navigation menu Video

Battleships of Austria-Hungary - ( Schlachtschiffe von Österreich-Ungarn )

Die österreichische Marine war die Gesamtheit der Seestreitkräfte Österreich-Ungarns. Daneben bestand die österreichische Handelsmarine. Die Marine hatte ihren Ursprung in der seit dem Jahrhundert existierenden Donauflottille und der ab Ende. Die Geschichte von Austrian Empire Navy reicht bis ins Jahrhundert zurück, als die Albert Michler Distillery gegründet wurde. Das. Albert Michler Austrian Empire Navy Rum Reserve (1 x l): tandtfishingcharters.com: Bier, Wein & Spirituosen. Die Blends dieses Kleinods aus Barbados erlangen ihre Reife in Fässern aus amerikanischer und französischer Eiche. Ein kostbarer Tropfen der. The Austro-Hungarian Navy was the naval force of Austria-Hungary. Its official name in German was kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine (Imperial and Royal War Navy), abbreviated as k.u.k. Kriegsmarine. The Austro-Hungarian Navy can easily find its origin in the will of Emperor Franz Joseph 1, ascended the throne in , to strengthen the Nordic influences in his navy, so far influenced by the Italian shipbuilding (in particular Trieste). Rear Admiral Von Dahlerup, a Danish formed the Columbia school, was appointed Chief of Staff of the Navy. But back before the captain became paterfamilias to a troop of singing moppets, he was a famous World War I submarine captain in the navy of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The empire controlled the. Austrian Empire Navy Rum is produced in small Austrian Empire Navy Rum Reserva is produced in smallbatches, using matured Rum from a wide range of hand-selected barrels. Aged in American and French oak barrels, this contemporary gem is an elegant medium-bodied Barbados Rum, voluptuous and exquisite with an exceptional bouquet. Whenever somebody mentions Austria ́s naval history one will most likely hear one of the following standard reactions: Yes, of course, I know, Austria’s famous mountain navy; probably a few ships.

Holen Sie sich den Lotto 6/49 De und spielen Sie los. - Zusätzliche Information

Das österreichisch-schlesische Traditionsunternehmen importierte seit jeher hochwertigen Rum aus der Karibik nach Europa Backgammon Hamburg diente sogar als traditioneller Hoflieferant des Königshauses. Originally German 'UB' and 'UB' from , but sold to Austrian Navy and recommissioned in July Note - My thanks to Danijel Zavratnik from Slovenia for noting that most of the place names are Italian spellings and that many have changed since World War 1. The Austro-Hungarian Navy can easily find its origin in the will of Emperor Franz Joseph 1, ascended the throne in , to strengthen the Nordic influences in his navy, so far influenced by the Italian shipbuilding (in particular Trieste). Rear Admiral Von Dahlerup, a Danish formed the Columbia school, was appointed Chief of Staff of the Navy. Austrian Empire Navy Rum is produced in small Austrian Empire Navy Rum Reserva is produced in smallbatches, using matured Rum from a wide range of hand-selected barrels. Aged in American and French oak barrels, this contemporary gem is an elegant medium-bodied Barbados Rum, voluptuous and exquisite with an exceptional bouquet.
Austrian Navy The only exception was Redmoon Studios 9th Panzergrenadier Brigade, which carried the number of the Vorarlberg Military Command in the extreme West of the country, but was based near Vienna in the East of the country and manned by conscripts from Vienna. Afterwards only the militia's infantry grew, making the timeframe Austria's armed forces reached their maximum strength. In administering the armed forces, the Ministry for National Defence Lotto 6/49 De organized into four principal sections and the inspectorate general: Section I deals with legal and legislative matters; Section II handles personnel and recruitment matters, including discipline and grievances; Section III is concerned with troop command, schools, and Nba All Star Game facilities, and it also comprises departments G-1 through G-5 as well Unterhaching Cottbus a separate department for air Eurojackpot 5.4.19 and Section Merkur Casino Mannheim deals with procurement and supply, quartermaster matters, armaments, Wahl England Prognose ordnance see fig. She was salvaged and towed to Trieste, but not repaired before the end of the war; all her crew of 13 were saved.

Most sources presume she was lost on mines on or around the 11th or 12th trying to penetrate the harbour defences of Venice.

Kemp's 'U-Boats Destroyed' is more specific - 'U. Two days later an explosion was observed in a defensive minefield and divers sent down.

The wreck of 'U. Transported from Germany to Pola in sections, 'U. Heavily damaged by a mine, 'U.

She was salvaged and towed to Trieste, but not repaired before the end of the war; all her crew of 13 were saved. During a convoy attack, 'U.

She may have been rammed and badly damaged by one of the convoyed ships, Italian steamer 'Borminda' or 'Bermida' , and scuttled.

Or otherwise sunk by the exploding depth charges of 'Nembo' which had not been set to 'safe' before she went down; 11 of 'U. Ex-French 'Curie', sunk off Pola in December , raised and repaired.

The attack on 'U. Other sources give the date as the 6th or 9th July ; all her crew were lost. Once submerged the destroyer sunk her with a towed explosive paravane.

Sources differ on 'U. Some sources suggest she disappeared around the 1st or 2nd, cause unknown, but possibly mined in the Otranto Barrage or an accident off Cape Otranto.

She might also have gone down in the Mediterranean, one of the few U-boats lost in the area in ; all her crew were lost. Originally German 'UB. Note - My thanks to Danijel Zavratnik from Slovenia for noting that most of the place names are Italian spellings and that many have changed since World War 1.

The old Italian names and the modern Croatian, Montenegran and Albanian equivalents are as follows:.

French Navy. Royal Hellenic or Greek Navy. Imperial Japanese Navy. Turkish or Ottoman Navy. United States Navy.

Most of the action in the Adriatic that took place involved the well-handled destroyers, submarines and to a lesser extent light cruisers of the Austrian Navy.

I and D. I, Aviatik D. I, Albatros D. III, Phönix D. I, or Lohner L. When the head of the General Staff Admiral Haus, obtained the vote for a new, more ambitious naval plan, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo.

Dispersed in between the Mediterranean and the German coast, the fleet gathered in Pola to escort German naval forces including the Goeben and the Breslau under the orders of cons-Admiral Souchon.

War broke out with Italy in May 23, and did not helped matters. However, this episode led the entire fleet to conduct a single massive coastal bombardment.

During the rest of the conflict, the navy remained in the safe harbor of Pola, to guard any intrusion in the Adriatic where she had a ruling hand.

The only way out was to the credit of the new Chief of Staff Admiral Horthy after it has been found its submarine bases blocked including German UB-UC types because of the minefields of the Otranto area.

Horty decided in a raid in full force, committing the brand new Szent Istvan. However during the night, the latter was sunk by torpedoes from an Italian MAS, and the whole operation was canceled.

The only effective raids were those of the U-Bootes, destroyers and torpedo boats, and also naval aviation. The latter was developed in the s, taking advantage of the good weather of the Adriatic.

River monitors were also frequently called on the Danube against Serbia. It should also be noted that like Germany, Austria-Hungary knew pro-communist riots in the fleet later in the war.

In , October 5, the crew of the TB11 was captured and the officers deserted in Italy. The TB80 knew nearly the same fate.

Two Italian-origin airmen did the same in Their officers were able however to maintain loyalty. The mutineers were landed under the threat of coastal batteries, and the whole affair ended by a court-martial and the execution of the insurrection leaders.

With the armistice signed on November, 3, , the fleet was dispersed withing allies through war damages but the majority were sent to the wreckers.

Only a handful of river patrol vessels survived until , under the Austrian flag, authorized through the Treaty of St Germain-en-Laye.

Three monitors will also be allocated to Hungary in Among them, the Stör served during World War II to stop the advance of the Soviet troops during the siege of Vienna in and survived until as a civilian ship.

Skip to content. Tegetthoff centre at the Battle of Lissa, painting by Anton Romako, In the Austro-Hungarian Navy was in fact largely built abroad: It consisted of a ship built in France, a copy of the Napoleon, mixed three-decker of 91 guns, SMS Kaiser, whih served as flagship.

The Treaty of Campo Formio resulted in Austria becoming the largest, and indeed the only, naval power in the Adriatic. Prior to the incorporation of the remnants of the Venetian navy , the Austrian Navy only consisted of the two cutters purchased in , as well as several armed merchant vessels and gunboats.

While Venice had suffered under French occupation, and the ships Austria acquired from the city's annexation allowed the Austrian Navy to grow to some 37 vessels by the start of the War of the Second Coalition in These ships mostly consisted of small coastal craft, with some guns and crew members between them.

This still remained a very small naval force, which with an average of just three guns and 21 crew members per ship, was largely unable to project power outside of the Adriatic or protect Austrian shipping in the Mediterranean.

Despite having 74 guns per-ship, far more than any other vessels in the Adriatic, the Austrian government chose to sell the ships for breaking rather than incorporate them into the Navy.

At the end of the 18th century, several new regulations were also imposed regarding naval activity. These included instructing officers to refrain from excessive shouting when giving sailing commands, directing the captains of each ship in the navy not to conduct business transactions on their own behalf, and ordering surgeons to fumigate their ships several times a day in order to prevent the outbreak of any disease.

The most notable regulation imposed directed naval officers to learn German. At the time, most Austrian naval officers were Italian or Spanish, and Italian remained the main language of the officer corps until This policy change however reflected Austria's desire to re-order its multi-ethnic Empire more towards the German states of the Holy Roman Empire.

Believing his position as Holy Roman Emperor to be untenable, Francis abdicated the throne of the Holy Roman Empire on 6 August , and declared the Holy Roman Empire to be dissolved in the same declaration.

This was a political move to impair the legitimacy of the Confederation of the Rhine. Two years earlier, as a reaction to Napoleon making himself an Emperor of the French , Francis had raised Austria to the status of an empire.

Hence, after , he reigned as Francis I, Emperor of Austria. Following Austria's defeat at the Battle of Wagram , the Empire sued for peace.

The resulting Treaty of Schönbrunn imposed harsh terms on Austria. These terms eliminated Austria's coastline along the Adriatic, thus destroying the Austrian Navy, with its warships being handed over to the French to guard the newly formed the Illyrian provinces.

Between and , there was no Austrian coastline and subsequently no navy to defend it. Under the conditions of the Congress of Vienna, the former Austrian Netherlands were transferred to the newly created United Kingdom of the Netherlands , while Austria received Lombardy-Venetia as compensation.

These territorial changes gave Austria five ships of the line, two frigates, one corvette , and several smaller ships which had been left in Venice by the French during the Napoleonic Wars.

The decades of warfare Austria had participated in since however had left the Empire on the verge of bankruptcy, and most of these ships were sold or abandoned for financial reasons.

By the end of the decade however, the Austrian Navy began to be rebuilt. The growth of the Austrian Navy in the years following the Congress of Vienna were largely driven by political necessities, as well economic conditions.

During the s and early s, Austrian trade along the Danube and within the Mediterranean grew rapidly. In , the Austrian Danube Steam Navigation Company was founded and in , its steamship Marie Dorothee became the first of its kind to travel the Mediterranean on a voyage between Trieste and Constantinople.

While Austria's merchant marine grew throughout the s and s, the Austrian Navy grew alongside it in order to provide protection on the high seas.

During the Greek War of Independence , the Austrian Navy engaged Greek pirates who routinely attempted to attack Austrian shipping in order to help fund the Greek rebellion against Ottoman rule.

During the same time period, Barbary corsairs continued to prey upon Austrian shipping in the Western Mediterranean.

These two threats greatly stretched the resources of Austria's naval forces, which were still rebuilding after the Napoleonic Wars. This action resulted in Morocco returning the captured Austrian ship, as well as pay damages to Vienna.

The bombardment of Larache resulted in the end of North African pirates raiding Austrian shipping in the Mediterranean Sea.

By the s, an attempt to modernize the Navy had begun. The Austrian government granted new funding for the construction of additional ships and the purchasing of new equipment.

The most notable change which was undertaken was the incorporation of steamships, with the first such ship in the Austrian Navy, the tonne long-ton paddle steamer Maria Anna , being constructed in Fiume.

Maria Anna ' s first trials took place in The third son of Archduke Charles, a famous veteran of the Napoleonic Wars, Friedrich's decision to join the Navy greatly enhanced its prestige among the Austrian nobility and public.

During his time in the Navy, Friedrich introduced many modernizing reforms, aiming to make the Austrian Navy less "Venetian" in character and more "Austrian".

Friedrich and the Austrian Navy had their first major military encounter during the Oriental Crisis of In , the Ottomans attempted to reclaim these territories but after a decisive defeat at the Battle of Nezib , the Ottoman Empire appeared on the verge of collapse.

The Convention offered Muhammad Ali hereditary rule of Egypt while nominally remaining part of the Ottoman Empire if he withdrew from most of Syria.

Muhammad Ali hesitated to accept the offer however and in September the European powers moved to engage Muhammad Ali's forces. On 26 September, Friedrich, commanding the Austrian frigate Guerriera , bombarded the port of Sidon with British support.

The Austrians and British landed in the city and stormed its coastal fortifications, capturing it on 28 September.

After capturing Sidon, Austria's naval squadron sailed on to Acre which bombarded the city in November, destroying its coastal fortifications and silencing the city's guns.

During the storming of the city, Friedrich personally led the Austro-British landing party and hoisted the Ottoman, British, and Austrian flags over the Acre's citadel upon its capture.

In , Archduke Friedrich was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral and become Commander-in-Chief of the Navy at the age of 23, but his tenure as the head of the Austrian Navy ended just three years after his appointment when he died in Venice at the age of Across the Austrian Empire, nationalist sentiments among Austria's various ethnic groups led to the revolutions in Austria to take several different forms.

Liberal sentiments prevailed extensively among the German Austrians, which were further complicated by the simultaneous events in the German states.

The Hungarians within the Empire largely sought to establish their own independent kingdom or republic, which resulted in a revolution in Hungary.

Italians within the Austrian Empire likewise sought to unify with the other Italian-speaking states of the Italian Peninsula to form a "Kingdom of Italy".

The revolution in Vienna sparked anti-Habsburg riots in Milan and Venice. Field Marshal Joseph Radetzky was unable to defeat the Venetian and Milanese insurgents in Lombardy-Venetia, and had to order his forces to evacuate western Italy, pulling his forces back to a chain of defensive fortresses between Milan and Venice known as the Quadrilatero.

With Vienna itself in the middle of an uprising against the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire appeared on the brink of collapse.

Venice was at the time one of Austria's largest and most important ports, and the revolution which began there nearly led to the disintegration of the Austrian Navy.

The Austrian commander of the Venetian Naval Yard was beaten to death by his own men, while the head of the city's Marine Guard was unable to provide any aid to suppress the uprising as most of the men under his command deserted.

Vice-Admiral Anton von Martini, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, attempted to put an end to the rebellion but was betrayed by his officers, the majority of whom were Venetians, and subsequently captured and held prisoner.

Fearing mutinies, Austrian officers ultimately relieved of these Italian sailors of their duty and permitted them to return home.

While this action left the Navy drastically undermanned, it prevented any wide-scale disintegration within the Navy which the Austrian Army had repeatedly suffered from in Italy.

The loss of so many Italian crew members and officers meant that the remaining ships which did not fall into rebel hands in Venice were lacking many crews.

Out of roughly 5, men who were members of the Austrian Navy prior to the revolution, only 72 officers and sailors remained.

Further complicating matters for the Austrian Navy was the loss of Venice's naval dockyards, warehouses, its arsenal, as well as three corvettes and several smaller vessels to the Venetian rebels.

Martini's capture left the Navy without a commander for the fifth time in as many months. Gyulai recalled every Austrian ship in the Mediterranean, the Adriatic, and in the Levant.

Due to Trieste's close location to the parts of Italy revolting against Austrian rule at the time, Gyulai also chose the small port of Pola as the new base for the Austrian Navy.

This marked the first time the city had been used as an Austrian naval base, and from onwards the city continued to serve as a base for Austrian warships until the end of World War I.

Meanwhile, fortunes continued to fade for the Austrians. The Papal States and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies both joined the war on the side of Sardinia, [39] [40] the later sending a naval force into the Adriatic in cooperation with Sardinia to help size Venice.

This Italian fleet consisted of five frigates and several smaller vessels acquired by the Italian nationalists in Venice. Against this force, the Austrian Navy counted three frigates of 44 to 50 guns, two corvettes of 18 and 20 guns, eight brigs of six to 16 guns, 34 gunboats with three guns each, and two steamers of two guns.

Despite its relatively large size for navies in the Adriatic, the Austrian Navy lacked experience against the combined Italian forces and Gyulai decided to withdraw his ships to Pola.

The Austrian fleet was too small to go on the offensive against the Italians, while the Italian naval commander, Rear Admiral Giovanbattista Albini , was under orders not to attack the port of Trieste as its location within the German Confederation may draw in other powers in central Europe against Sardinia.

Early experimentation on the use of a self-propelled explosive device—forerunner to the torpedo—to attack the Italian ships also failure due to the technological constraints of the time.

Additional proposals to break the Italian fleet by using fire ships was rejected as an "inhumane" way of fighting.

The stalemate in the Adriatic came to an end as the Papal States and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies pulled out of the war. While Martini unsuccessfully lobbied for the purchase of new steam ships to re-establish a blockade of Venice, Sardinia resumed the war with Austria on 12 March This led to the disastrous Sardinian defeat at the Battle of Novara ten days later.

The Revolutions of marked a turning point in the history of the Austrian Navy. Up until that time, the Navy had been dominated by the Italian language, customs, and traditions.

Prior to the revolution, the Austrian Navy was mostly made up of Italian crew members, the Italian language was the primary language, and even Italian ship names were used over German ones, such as Lipsia rather than Leipzig.

Indeed, in the years before , the Navy was largely considered to be a "local affair of Venice". After retaking Venice, the Austrians acquired several warships which were under construction or already seaworthy.

Most of these ships were added to the strength of the Austrian Navy, increasing the size and strength of the Navy considerably by the year Here the Austrian screw-driven gunboat Kerka crew: was launched in in service until Dahlerup introduced many personal reforms, such as reorganizing the command structure of the Navy, establishing new service regulations, and setting up a school for naval officers.

He also began the process of replacing Italian with German as the spoken de facto language of the Austrian Navy. However, Dahlerup's command style clashed heavily with the prevailing culture within the Austrian Navy and he resigned after just over two years.

At the age of 22, Ferdinand Max became the youngest Oberkommandant in the history of the Austrian Navy, being a year younger than when Archduke Friedrich of Austria assumed command of the navy ten years earlier.

Despite his age, the fact that he had only been in the Navy for four years, and his lack of experience in battle or command on the high seas, Ferdinand Max proved to be among the most effective and successful commanders of the Austrian Navy in history.

He was described by Lawrence Sondhaus in his book The Habsburg Empire and the Sea: Austrian Naval Policy, — as "the most gifted leader the navy had ever had, or ever would have".

He used his prestige, youthful enthusiasm, and love of the Service to promote it in every way possible. Ferdinand Max worked hard to separate the Austrian Navy from its dependence upon the Austrian Army, which had nominal control over its affairs.

Under this new system, Ferdinand Max continued to be the Oberkommandant , but he was no longer responsible for the political management of the fleet.

Ferdinand Max immediately went to work expanding the Austrian Navy. Fears of over-dependence upon foreign shipyards to supply Austrian warships enabled him to convince his brother to authorize the construction of a new drydock at Pola , and the expansion of existing shipyards in Trieste.

Furthermore, Ferdinand Max initiated an ambitious construction program in the ports of Pola, Trieste, and Venice, the largest the Adriatic had seen since the Napoleonic Wars.

While it had been used as a base for the Navy during the Revolutions of , the small dockyards and port facilities, coupled with surrounding swampland had hindered its development.

In addition to Pola's new drydock, Ferdinand Max had the swamps drained and constructed a new arsenal for the city. The fears only ceased when Britain declared she would not recognize Italian claims to Dalmatia and Istria.

In , a railroad from Vienna to Trieste was completed, which spurred regional commercial activity and rejuvenated foreign trade.

Maritime activity fueled the creation of jobs and economic well-being, while naval construction spurred the economies of Istria and Trieste and gave rise to popularity in the Parliament.

Advances in technology had rendered the previous generation of Nelsonian ships of the line obsolete; steam, armor, and the screw propeller, among other technologies, gave smaller ships a fighting chance against great ships of the line and allowed lesser powers to catch up and rapidly achieve a sort of parity with great naval powers.

Even without an indigenous shipbuilding industry, Italy had become the third largest naval power in the world. All of her ships came from British and American yards.

At the end of , he ordered two screw-propeller frigates constructed at Trieste. Simply getting to the North Sea was a victory in itself.

The British were not fond of having foreign navies so close to home, and they looked unfavorably on the Austro-German attack on Denmark.

The government in Vienna called his bluff, but the British attitude to the war would cause Habsburg headaches.

Once the flames were extinguished, Tegetthoff returned to find the Danish who had also suffered heavy damage gone. Although, tactically a draw, the Danish did not renew their blockade of Hamburg, allowing Austria to claim victory.

After the war with Denmark ended, Austrian Foreign Minister Mennsdorf-Pouilly signed an agreement with General von Roon which agreed to let the armaments factory Krupp sell naval artillery to the Austrians, although Prussia declined to purchase any Austrian built ships.

On July 3, , Prussia utterly defeated the Austrians in the north at Königgrätz, but in the south Austria was victorious on land and sea. One week earlier, the Austrian army had routed the Italian army at Custoza.

At sea, the Austrian Navy defeated an Italian invasion fleet at the battle of Lissa on July 20, Lissa was the first major armored fleet action in history.

Austrian Navy Albatros D. Training of conscripts was conducted by twenty-eight training and equipment-holding regiments Landwehrstammregimenter. Weiterkommen Em 2021 to the revolution, the Austrian Navy was mostly made up of Italian crew members, the Italian language was the primary language, and even Italian ship names were used over German ones, such as Lipsia rather than Leipzig. Each corps included artillery, antitank, antiaircraft, and engineering battalions, and a logistics regiment, all on a cadre basis. Of the three merchant ships, one loaded with House Simulator was hit and blown up, a second set on fire, and the third hit. The nine officer ranks from officer Lotto 6/49 De through general correspond to grades I through IX of the civil service system. Dispersed in between the Mediterranean and the German coast, the fleet gathered in Pola to escort German naval forces including the Goeben and the Breslau under the orders of cons-Admiral Souchon. The Convention offered Muhammad Ali hereditary Bundesliga Tippspiele Kostenlos of Egypt while nominally remaining part of Joylcub Ottoman Empire if he withdrew from most of Syria. 29 Chf In Euro — Retrieved 24 December Miami Club Casino Mobile was also a Vampires Dawn Vollbild of naval aviation. Within Frankfurt Startelf next two years, Bolts established factories on the Malabar Coaston the southeastern African coast at Delagoa Austrian Navyand at the Nicobar Islands. Both ships sank, 'Viribus Unitis' capsizing and going down around dawn. After taking Sankt Pölten the Austrian armed forces expected the combined Warsaw Pact forces to strike West to take possession Lotto De Bayern the Linz - Steyr - Welssupported by an advance of two Czechoslovak People's Army divisions through the Mühlviertel to the North of Linz. Mehr Artikel Daneben bestand die österreichische Handelsmarine. Als Hoheitszeichen zeigten die Marineflugzeuge die k.

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